Everything You Need To Know About Sump Pumps

frog on sump

frog sitting on a sump pump

Sump pumps operate relatively simply. The sump pump will usually rest in a short well or pit that was designed to work with the pump. This pit is usually in the lowest part of the basement to help attract water to pool at the well’s bottom. Residential sump pumps are activated when the water level around them rises. This raise in the water level is measured by either a pressure sensor or a float activator, each of which functions as its name would suggest. The water is immediately pushed through a pump as it flows into the unit, which turns an impeller to push the water through the pipe and to the exterior of the property. The discharged water should be taken several feet from the home, all the way to the city storm drain is better yet.


The pump can either be submersible, which sits under the water, or pedestal, which sits above the water and does not get wet. Pedestal pumps tend to be louder because there is no surrounding water to dampen the sound, but they also tend to be cheaper. The sump pump pushes the unwanted water through a pipe, then through another device called a check valve. The check valve allows the water to flow out, but not back into the pump once the pump deactivates and turns off. The water then moves on to the outside, where it is allowed to drain back into the ground provided it is carried far enough away from the structure to not simply drain right back into the basement.


Sump pumps are important pieces of equipment because they help to protect the structure and integrity of a building. In a basement otherwise prone to flooding, a sump pump can help protect stored items from water damage. Without a functioning sump pump, a basement could become severely flooded, resulting in damage to appliances, the home’s structure, or items in storage. Especially in homes that have finished basements, common in Dublin Ohio. Often home owners will have a backup system to help ensure against basement or crawl space flooding. Even if you don’t need to worry about flood conditions, sump pumps help to reduce the dampness that can facilitate the growth of mold and mildew. Essentially, a sump pump is a great investment to protect your other investments.


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Testing your own homes sump pump is important. You should test / check on it several times a year, especially prior to wet times of the year and before storms are heading your way.



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Written by Kaitlyn Troth of Troth Media

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